Advanced Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics for Powerboats

Performance Boat design and setup secrets for Recreational tunnels, Offshore Cats, Racing tunnels, Fishing/Utility hulls, Vee and Vee-Pad Hulls, Bass Boats
Home     About Us     Free Articles        Technical Articles        TBPNews Archives        FREE Downloads      Research      Contact Us
Testimonials      What Others Say     Join TBPNews       Advertise       Links        Search       Buy Now       
VBDP© Vee Pad Analysis
Get complete article by email request:   Share:
vee-pad optimization
Figure 1- VBDP© graphic output shows the velocity at which your hull configuration experiences instability in Porpoise Regime and susceptibility to porpoising.

vee-pad configuration
Figure 2- Vee-Pad configuration can be analyzed to optimize center-pad width, length, deadrise, height.

Vee Pad Lift Optimization
Figure 3- Effective balancing of Vee-Pad Lift can optimize balance of 'Pad Lift' with 'Vee surface Lift', based on hull weight, configuration, power and speed requirements.

Vee Pad dynamic stability
Figure 4- The important 'Dynamic CG' location changes dramatically throughout the operating velocity range of the hull; while the 'Static CG' of boat remains in the same location.

Tunnel Boat Design Software by AeroMarine Research
Figure 5-VBDP© software employs unique "Vee-Pad design optimization" technique to provide detailed performance prediction results for easy 'balancing' of vee-pad/vee surface load distribution for any vee hull design/setup arrangement.
    Vee-Pad design optimization is a delicate balance, solved by AR's unique analysis and VBDP© software.

We have developed a unique analysis technique that allows designers to see the delicate balance between lift/drag forces of a vee-pad hull.  The method can isolate the lift/drag forces for vee-pad, vee (bottom) surfaces, aerodynamic surfaces and lower-unit appendages.  The technique gives designers, builders, owners and operators the ability to optimize vee-pad dimensions and setup to fine-tune the lift gained from the "pad" portion and "vee surface" portions of hull design.

The VBDP© software employs the unique "Vee-Pad design optimization" technique and provides detailed performance prediction results and graphic performance output that allows for easy 'balancing' of vee-pad/vee surface load distribution for any vee hull design/setup arrangement.

How it Works
Some "Vee"-bottom boats have a flat surface at the very bottom (keel) called a "pad."  This pad allows for more planing surface aft, and while there is a corresponding sacrifice of some softness in ride, this modified vee-type hull design allows for super-fast speeds!

The pad is a relatively flat planing surface configured to the aftmost section of a vee shaped hull.  The pad (or low deadrise center-section) usually extends sufficiently forward, so that the transition from the vee to the flat running surface is gradual, and usually exhibits some deadrise in the forward section of the extension. 

The pad has several performance advantages:

Balancing Act - the high-performance vee-bottom can be a challenge to drive at high speed.  Deeper vies  (15°–20°deadrise)  must be balanced on a thin keel edge, often exhibiting  an unsettling  lateral instability, as it “rocks” from side to side.  The pad provides a wider platform on which the hull will ride - making it easier to balance at higher speeds.

High Lift - The flat pad generates much more efficient Lift than the veg'd bottom shape.  Hydrodynamic theory dictates that, in general, a steeper angle of vee (e.g. 20° deadrise)creates less Lift than a shallow angle (e.g. 10° deadrise).  The extreme case is the completely flat pad that has zero (0° deadrise) that creates very high Lift for it’s small wetted surface area.  The result of this “extra Lift” is reduced hydrodynamic Drag and more speed!

During acceleration mode, the pad vee hull gets Lift from the vee-hull sections, as well as the flat pad section.  It needs this entire lifting surface at lower velocities, to Lift he weight of the hull.  As the speed increases more and more, the required Lift is generated more by the flat pad, and less by the vee'd surfaces.  The pad takes on more of the Lift, and more of the vee'd surfaces become “unwetted”.  Now there is LESS drag, and a resulting speed increase is quite noticeable.  Experienced pad-vee drivers will recognize the “pop” that occurs when the hull reaches that special velocity where the hull “breaks” away from the vee'd lifting surfaces and rides on the pad alone.

Optimization of Vee-Pad design - Vee-pad design dimensions and configurations have traditionally been established by "trial-and-error" methods or "duplication" of other designs.  These methods can be costly, time consuming and can generate disappointing final results since the ultimate design is not necessarily optimized for the subject design hull.

The AR© "Vee-Pad design optimization" technique allows us to attain an effective 'balance' of vee-pad/vee surface load distribution for any vee hull design/setup arrangement.  This 'balance' of 'Pad Lift' with 'Vee surface Lift', should be optimized for each unique hull design, setup and operating conditions.

Optimization of vee-pad dimensions must be based on unique boat weight, hull configuration, power and speed requirements. Vee-pad characteristics can then be established, including:
   -pad width
   -pad length
   -pad deadrise
   -pad height

All of these characteristics affect the efficiency of the "high lifting pad" and the portion (%) of Total hull Lift that the pad can provide.

Dynamic Stability - The 'Static CG' of a hull is the location of balance of the hull and payload deadweights while boat is at rest. But this is a small part of the important balance of a performance hull. (You can't balance your boat on the trailer!)

The combined center of ALL the LIFT forces and all the DRAG forces (sponsons, center-pod, vee surfaces, center-pad, aerodynamic surfaces, lower unit, etc.) while a boat is under way, is called the 'Dynamic Center of Forces' or 'Dynamic CG'. The 'Dynamic CG' location changes throughout the operating velocity range and is the most important design measure to consider when 'balancing' a performance boat.  Especially at key velocities, dynamic stability is maximized when the Static CG is close to the Dynamic Stability location.

The unique balance of vee-pad forces and vee surface forces in a vee-pad hull make the DYNAMIC balance of the hull important in the design process.  [see also AR's 'Advanced Dynamic Stability Analysis research brief']

Results - The "Vee-Pad design optimization" analysis approach can complete an effective 'balance' of vee-pad/vee surface load distribution that will maximize performance and improve dynamic stability.

Research results now included in performance analysis by TBDP©/VBDP©

[more about AR's research     more about AR's publications    and    technical articles/papers]
© Copyright 2015 by Jim Russell and AeroMarine Research® - all rights reserved. 
Material from this website may not be copied or used or redistributed, in whole or in part, without the specific written consent of Jim Russell or AeroMarine Research.

jim2.jpg (37035 bytes)
about Jim Russell

secrets_of_tunnel_boat_desi.gif (53x73 -- 21190 bytes)13th edition
"Secrets of Tunnel Boat Design" book!
history_sm.gif (53x73 -- 6480 bytes)"History of Tunnel Boat Design" book! "Secrets of Propeller Design" book!

"TBDP Version 8" Software                     "VBDP Version 8" Software                      "PropWorks2" software

chrome_propeller_sm.GIF (75x77 -- 4633 bytes)
Chrome Propeller Hitch
Order with your Shopping Cart
Special pricing updated September 09, 2017
Contact us at:
AeroMarine Research®
67 Highland Crescent, Cambridge, ON, Canada, N1S1M1
Tel: 519-622-3987

©Copyright 2015 by Jim Russell and AeroMarine Research® - all rights reserved. 
Material from this website may be not copied or used or redistributed, in whole or in part, without specific written consent of Jim Russell or AeroMarine Research®.